Development of Tomato (Lycopersicum esculentum Mill.) Roots in Every Growth Stage In Flooding Conditions

Rabiatul Jannah, Julianthy Diana Natalia, Odit Ferry Kurniadinata

Abstract


Flooding is a natural phenomenon that often occurs in the rainy season arrives with high rainfall. This phenomenon give an effect to plant growth if it occurs in agricultural areas. This research was carried out at Samarinda, Indonesia. This study uses a completely randomized design non factorial, consists of 4 lavels ie; 4 hours height level 50% flooding (J1), 8 hours height level 50% flooding (J2), 4 hours height level 100% flooding (J3), 8 hours height level 100% flooding (J4), carried out with 4 repetitions. Flooding simulation is carried out 5 times in each growth phases of tomato plants. The data analysis used Anova. If the variance is significantly different, then followed by the LSD (Least Significance Different) at 5%. The results showed that simulation of flooding with times 8 hours height level 50% flooding had a morederate negative effect on tomato plants. The flooding simulation with times 8 hours height level 100% flooding gives the highest negative effect on tomato plants and the root, due to excess water requirements so that plants cannot meet needs of the plants.

Keywords


Flooding simulation; Growth; Root length; Soil aeration; Water stress; Water saturation;

Full Text:

PDF

References


Armstrong, W. 1987. The Anatomical Characteristics of Roots and Plants Response to Soil Flooding. Departement of Plant Biology and Genetics, The University of Hull.

Bandi, AA, Sumono, Murir AP. 2014. Study of flood duration to the water quality and physical properties of Andosol soil and the Growth of Tomato (Lycopersicum esculentum Mill.)(Written in Indonesian language). Jurnal Rekayasa Pangan dan Pertanian Vol 2. Program Studi Keteknikan Pertanian, Fakultas Pertanian USU.

Besset, J., M. Genard, T. Girard, V. Serra, and C. Bussi. 2001. Effect of water stress applied during the final stage of rapid growth on peach tress (c. Big-Top). Jour. Scientia Horticulturae 91 (2001): 289-303.

Cahyono, B, Tripama B. 2014. The response of tomato plants to the application of bokashi fertilizer and plant spacing (Written in Indonesian language). Agritop Jurnal Ilmu-Ilmu Pertanian. Universitas Muhammadiyah. Jember.

Cahyono, B. 1998. Tomat Budidaya dan Analisis Usaha Tani. Penerbit Kanisius. Yogyakarta. Hal 65.

Gould W. A. 1974. Tomato Production, Processing and Quality Evaluation. The Avi Publ. Co., Inc. USA. 445p.

Harjadi, SS. Yahya S, 1988. Fisiologi Stress Lingkungan IPB. Bogor.

Huang B, Johnson JW, NeSmith DS (1997) Responses to root-zone CO2 enrichment and hypoxia of wheat genotypes differing in waterlogging tolerance. Crop Science 37, 464-468.

Hyacinthe Le Gall, Florian Philippe, Jean-Marc Domon, Françoise Gillet, Jérôme Pelloux and Catherine Rayon. 2015. Cell Wall Metabolism in Response to Abiotic Stress. Plants 2015, 4, 112-166; doi:10.3390/plants4010112

Kurniadinata OF, Poerwanto R, Efendi D, Wachjar A. 2016. Solving yellow sap contamination on mangosteen (Garcinia mangostana) by using Ca2+ and biopores (Written in Indonesian language). Jurnal Hortikultura Vol. 26 No 1, Fakultas Pertanian Institut Pertanian Bogor. Bogor.

Lu Y, Watanabe A, Kimura M . 2004. Contribution of plant photosynthates to dissolved organic carbon in a flooded rice soil. Biogeochemistry 71, 1-15.

Pezeshki SR, Pardue JH, Delaune RD (2006) Leaf gas exchange and growth of flood-tolerant and flood-sensitive tree species under low soil redox conditions. Tree Physiology 16, 453-458.

Pezeshki, SR. 2001. Wetland plant responses to soil flooding. Environmental and Experimental Botany 46, 299-312.

Rudich, J. And U. Luchinsky. 1986. The Tomato Crop. In: Atherton, J. G. and J. Rudich (Eds.). Water economy. New York. Chapman and Hall.

Smith, A.L. 2000. Root Methods, A Handbook. CAB International. Wellingford. UK.

Yajun Wu Daniel J. Cosgrove. 2000. Adaptation of roots to low water potentials by changes in cell wall extensibility and cell wall proteins. ournal of Experimental Botany, Volume 51, Issue 350, 1 September 2000, Pages 1543–1553.




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.33089/jthort.v2i1.14

Article Metrics

 Abstract Views : 356 times
 PDF Downloaded : 180 times

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.