Adaptability of Growth and Yield on 5 varieties of Shallot (Allium ascalonicum L) in Wet Highland

Agustina E Marpaung, Rini Rosliani

Abstract


In general, shallot was planted in low land to highland, but it usually planted in area has rain fall and humidity not high, because can effect to the yielding, so that needed the adaptive varieties in the condition. The aim of the research was to determine the growth and yield of some varieties of shallot adaptive in wet highlands. The research conducted in Berastagi experimental farm, Dolat Rayat district, Karo regency, with type of the soil is andisol and altitude of 1,340 m asl. The research was beginning from September - December 2015. The design was used randomize block non factorial with 5 replication. The treatment was shallot varieties (Bima, Maja, Trisula, Agrihorti 1 and Agrihorti 2). The shallot seeds were from Java. The result showed that the Agrihorti 1 and Bima varieties had a more adaptive vegetative growth in wet highland than 3 other varieties. Agrihorti 1 and Bima varieties produced the highest bulb production respectivaly i.e.12,76 kg / 5 m2 and 12,61 kg / 5 m2. Agrihorti 1 varieties have the largest bulb diameter 2,99 cm. Shallot Agrihorti 1 varieties adaptive in the wet highland.

Keywords


Allium cepa var. ascalonicum; Adaptation; Growth; Yield; Varieties;

Full Text:

PDF

References


Badan Pusat Statistik Kabupaten Karo, 2013. Karo in numbers. Kabupaten Karo Sumatera Utara.

Basuki, S.R. 2005. Research on Farmer's Results and Preferences on Local Varities of Red Onion from Various Regions. Research Report APBN 2005- ROPP D1. Pp. 8.

Budianto, Aris, Ngawit and Sudika, 2009. Genetic diversity of several traits and simple recurrent clone selection on Ampenan cultivar shallots. Crop Agro. vol. 2, no. 1, pp. 28-38.

Direktorat Jenderal Pengolahan dan Pemasaran Hasil Pertanian, 2006. Post-Harvest Road Map, Shallot Processing and Marketing. Direktorat Jenderal Pengolahan dan Pemasaran Hasil Pertanian.

Firmansyah, L. Liferdi, N. Khaririyatun, and M.P. Yufdi, 2015. The growth and yield of shallots with the application of organic fertilizers and biological fertilizers on alluvial soil. J. Hort. vol. 25, no. 2, pp. 133-141.

Firmansyah, M.A,, D. Musaddad, T. Liana, M.S. Mokhtar, and M.P. Yufdi, 2014. Adaptation test to shallots during the rainy season in Central Kalimantan. J. Hort. vol. 24, no. 2, pp. 114-123.

Firmansyah, M.A,, D. Musaddad, T. Liana, M.S. Mokhtar, and M.P. Yufdi, 2018. Growth, Production and Quality of Shallots in the Land of Inland Quartz off-season. Jurnal Agroekoteknologi FP USU, vol.6, no.2, pp. 271 – 278, E-ISSN No. 2337- 6597.

Kusmana, E. Sofiari, and R.S. Basuki, 2007. Shallot (Allium ascalonicum L) Local Cultivar High Yield Selection at Slatri, Brebes. (Unpublished), p.6.

Kusmana, R.S. Basuki, and H. Kurniawan, 2009. Test of adaptation of five shallot varieties from high and medium origin in the Brebes lowland ecosystem. J. Hort. vol. 19, no. 3, pp. 281-286.

Limbongan, J and Maskar, 2003. Potential development and availability of onion technology in Palu, Central Sulawesi. Jurnal Litbang Pertanian, vol. 22, no. 3, pp. 103-108.

Nur, S and Thohari, 2005. Respond to Nitrogen Doses and Application of Various Types of Bolus to the Growth and Yield of Shallot Plants (Allium ascalonicum L.). Dinas Pertanian, Kabupaten Brebes.

Putrasamedja, S., J. Pinilih, and S. Basuki, 2006. Paper for the Release of Shallot Superior Varieties, Indonesian Vegetables Reseach Institute.

Putrasamedja, S., 2010. Adaptation of Shallot Clones in the Rainy Season. Agronomika, vol. 10, no. 1, pp. 69-76. ISSN: 1411-8297.

Satsijati and E. Koswara, 1993. The study of the application of technology formulations for cultivation of chilli and shallots on tidal land. J. Hort. vol. 3, no. 1, pp. 13-20.

Sekretariat Kabinet Republik Indonesia, 2012. Pressing the Suppressing Imports, North Sumatra Expands Shallot Land. Sekretariat Kabinet Republik Indonesia, www.setkab.go.id, accessed on October 14, 2012.

Subhan, 1990. Effect of NPK doses (15-15-15) on growth and yield of shallots (Allium ascalonicum L) Bima cultivars. Bul. Penel. Hort. vol. XIX, no. 3, hlm. 109-118.

Sumarni, N and T.A. Soetiarso, 1998. Effect and size of seed bulbs on growth, production and cost of producing shallot seeds. Jurnal Hortikultura, vol. 8, no. 2, hlm.1085.

Sumarni, N and A. Hidayat, 2005. Shallot cultivation, technical guide for shallots cultivation. vol. 3, ISBN : 979-8304-49-7, pp. 1-3.

Sumarni N, R. Rosliani, and R.S. Basuki, 2012. Growth response, bulb yield, and nutrient uptake of NPK of onion plants to various dosages of NPK fertilization on Alluvial soils. J. Hort. vol. 22, no. 4, pp. 365-374.

Swasono, F.D.H., 2012. The physiological characteristics of the tolerance of shallots to drought stress in coastal sand soil. Jurnal AgriSains, vol. 3, no. 4, pp. 88-103.




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.33089/jthort.v2i1.12

Article Metrics

 Abstract Views : 509 times
 PDF Downloaded : 266 times

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.