The response of Stecklings Age and Plant Spacing on Carrot Seed Quality and Production

Fatiani Manik, Rasiska Tarigan, Susilawati Barus


The quality of seed needs to be considered in carrot seed production to maintain its productivity. The research aims to find out the response of stecklings age and plant spacing on carrot seed quality and production. This research was held on July 2018 – April 2019 in Berastagi field trial (1340 m MSL). The experiment used Randomized Complete Block Design (RCBD) with two factors, i.e., stecklings age (2 and 3 months) and plant spacing (25, 50, 75, and 100 cm), replicated four times (32 experiment units), 10 plants from each experiment units were taken as samples. The result showed that stecklings age and plant spacing were affected to plant vegetative and generative stages. The combination of 2-month stecklings and 50 cm plant spacing increased the number of secondary umble, if compared to cultivation, which was generally used by the farmer (3-month stecklings and 25 cm plant spacing). The best quality of carrot seed was obtained from the combination of 3-month stecklings and 50 cm plant spacing.


Seed; Plant spacing; Stecklings age; Production; Carrot;

Full Text:



Anjum, M. A., & Amjad, M. (2002). Influence of mother root size and plant spacing on carrot seed production. J. res. Sci. 13(2),105-112.

Baranski, R., Allender, C., & Klimek-Chodacka, M. (2012). Towards better tasting and more nutritious carrots: Carotenoid and sugar content variation in carrot genetic resources. Food Research International, 47(2), 182–187.

Braak, J. P., & Kho, Y. O. (1958). Some observations on the floral biology of the carrot (Daucus carota L.). Euphytica, 7(2), 131–139.

Dan, P., Benih, M., & Oryza, P. (2017). Conference Info: 2017(November).

Delian, E., & Lagunovschi-Luchian, V. (2015). Germination and vigour of primed Daucus carota L. seeds under saline stress conditions. Romanian Biotechnological Letters, 20(5), 10833–10840.

Dev, H. (2010). Effect of root size on yield and quality of radish cv. White Icicle seed crop. Asian Journal of Horticulture.

Dyki, B., Nowak, R., & Stȩpowska, A. (2010). The influence of flower structures on the seeds productivity of the carrot breeding lines. Vegetable Crops Research Bulletin, 72(1), 5–13.


Gray, D., Steckel, J. R. A., & Ward, J. A. (1983). Studies on carrot seed production: effects of plant density on yield and components of yield. Journal of Horticultural Science, 58(1), 83–90.

Hadirochmat, & Nurdin. (2006). Pengaruh perlakuan indukan dan macam kultivar terhadap pertumbuhan dan hasil benih wortel (Daucus carota L.). JERAMI 1(3), 127-133.

[Kementan] Kementrian Pertanian RI. (2017). Keputusan Menteri Pertanian RI No. 71/Kpts/SR.130/D/9/2017/ tentang Sertifikasi Benih Tanaman Buah, Sayuran Tahunan dan Tanaman Obat Tahunan.

Kumar, A., Afroza, B., Jabeen, N., & Mushtaq, N. (2017). Manipulation of plant spacing and steckling size to increase growth and seed yield in carrot (Daucus carota L.) under temperate conditions of Kashmir. Vegetos, 30(4), 92–93. 00197.5.

Malek, M. A., Mohammed, D., Sikdar, M., & Rahman, M. S. (2012). ISSN 1995-6983 Effects of variety and weight of stecklings on yield and quality of carrot seed. 6(1), 47–50.

Manik, F., Barus, S., Hutabarat, R. C., Tarigan, R., & Waluyo, N. (2017). Eksplorasi, Inventarisasi dan Karakterisasi Kekayaan Genetik Lokal Tanaman Wortel di Kabupaten Karo Sumatera Utara. Prosiding Seminar Nasional PERIPI, 365–372.

Merfield, C. N., Hampton, J. G., Wratten, S. D., Prapanoppasin, P., & Yeeransiri, P. (2001). Seed production studies in carrot (Daucus carota L.) I. Effect of plant density on seed quality and yield. Agronomy Society of New Zealand Special Publication.

Purbojati, L., & Suwarno, F. (2006). Studi Alternatif Substrat Kertas untuk Pengujian Viabilitas Benih dengan Metode Uji Diatas Kertas. Jurnal Agronomi Indonesia (Indonesian Journal of Agronomy), 34(1), 55–61.


Article Metrics

 Abstract Views : 350 times
 PDF Downloaded : 214 times


  • There are currently no refbacks.