Induced Resistance against Fusarium Wilt Disease caused by Fusarium oxysporum in Local Red Peppers (Capsicum annum L.) in Aceh using Rhizobacteria Isolates

Siti Hafsah, Anita Rahayu, Syamsuddin Syamsuddin, Firdaus Firdaus


The ability to develop resistance has been demonstrated by Rhizobacteria in several plant species in order to providing protection against plant pathogen attacks. The use of Rhizobacteria is expected to suppress the attack of Fusarium pathogen in local pepper plants in Aceh. This study is aimed at obtaining information about the important role of Rhizobacterium in inducing the resistance of local pepper plants in Aceh to the attack of Fusarium oxysporum. The research was conducted from March to September 2018 at Seed Science Laboratory and Experimental Garden of the Faculty of Agriculture, Syiah Kuala University. The study used Completely Randomized Design (CRD) Factorial with 2 factors. The first factor was the local peppers (Odeng, Lamando Lapaben, Super Lamando 002 and Lanyoe SS). The second factor was Rhizobacteria isolates (HWI 5 (4) and HWI 8 (6)) which were obtained from the collection of Seed Science Laboratory. The parameters observed: pathogen incubation period, plant height, stem diameter and number of productive branches. The results revealed that the incubation period of F. oxysporum varied in each genotype and type of Rhizobacteria. The application of Rhizobacteria is slowing down the incubation period to 1-3 days in all tested genotypes. Rhizobacteria increased the plants growth especially in HWI 8 (6), characterized by taller plants and larger trunks. The highest interaction between the local genotype of pepper plants and the type of Rhizobacteria was found in the genotypes of Lamando Lapaben and HWI 5 (4) for its number of productive branches.


Rhizobacteria; Resistance; Induction; Local genotypes; Phytopathogen;

Full Text:



Amelia, S. 2017. The ability of Rhizobacteria in inhibiting the growth of seed-borne pathogen and to stimulate the growth of tomato (Lycopersicum esculentum Mill.) plants (written in Indonesian language). Script. Universitas Syiah Kuala, Banda Aceh.

Badan Pusat Statistik Aceh. 2015. Produksi cabai besar, cabai rawit, dan bawang merah tahun 2013. [Accessed on 13 February 2017].

BPSBTPH. 2012. Deskripsi Cabai Odeng. [Accessed on 10 November 2017].

Chaudhary, D.K., A. Prakash, B.N. Johri. 2007. Induced systemic resistance (ISR) in plants: mechanism of action. Indian Journal of Microbiology 47(4): 289-297.

Handayani, R. S., Yusuf, M., & Akmal, A. (2018). Potential Changes in Watermelon (Citrullus lannatus) Ploidy Treated By Colchicine. Journal of Tropical Horticulture, 1(1), 10-14.

Hayat, R., S. Ali., U. Amara., R. Khalid and I. Ahmed. 2010. Soil beneficial bacteria and their role in plant growth promotion: A review. Annals of Microbiology. 60 (4): 579-598.

Hoerussalam., A. Purwantoro dan A. Khaeruni. 2013. Induced Resistance in corn (Zea Mays L.) against downy mildew disease through seed treatment and its inheritance to S1 generation (written in Indonesian language). Jurnal Ilmu Pertanian. 16(2): 42-59.

Ibrahim, A., S. Ilyas., dan D. Manohara. 2014. Seed treatment using Rhizobacteria in Chili (Capsicum annum) plants to control Phythopthora capsici and to increase seed vigor and plant growth (written in Indonesian language). Bul Agron. 34(2):124-132.

Kim, Y. S., B. Jang., I. M. Chung., M. K. Sang., Ku, HM, Kim, KD & Chun, SC. 2008. Enhancement of biocontrol activity of antagonistic Chryseobacterium strain KJ1R5 by adding carbon sources against Phytophthora capsici. Plant Pathol. 24: 164-70.

Komang, A. M., K. Khalimi dan G. Ngurah. 2013. The efficacy of Rhizobacteria as antagonistic bacteria against Fusarium oxysporum f.sp capsici causing Fusarium Wilt in cayenne pepper (Capsicum frutencens L.) (written in Indonesian language). E-Jurnal Agroekoteknologi Tropika. 2(3):145-154

Mardhiah., Syamsuddin dan Efendi. 2016. Seed treatment using plant-growth-promoting Rhizobacteria on vegetative growth and yield of red peppers (written in Indonesian language). J. Floratek. 11 (1): 25-35

Musa, A. S., M Wachjadi, dan L Soesanto. 2005. Potential of several botanical pesticides for land restoration of Chili plantation (written in Indonesian language). In Planta. Universitas Soedirman. Purwokerto

Rosadiah, F. N., S. Ilyas. Dan D. Manohara. 2015. Seed treatment of pepper (Capsicum annum L.) plants using rhizobacteria, singly or in combination to control Phythopthora capsici and to promote plant growth (Capsicum annuum L.) (written in Indonesian language). J. Hort. Indonesia. 6 (1): 1-10.

Rostini, N. 2011. 6 Jurus Bertanam Cabai Bebas Hama dan Penyakit. PT AgroMedia Pustaka, Jakarta, Hal 41

Safriani., Syamsuddin., dan Marlina. 2016. In-vitro antagonistic activity of growth-inhibiting rhizobacteria to the growth of seed borne pathogens in chili seeds and its effect to seed viability (written in Indonesian language). Jurnal Kawista 1(1):50-58.

Sahu, P.S., A. Kumar., H. Husain and H. Naz. 2018. Seasonal incidence of chilli thrips, Scirtothrips dorsalis (Hood)(Thripidae: Thysanoptera): A review. Journal of Entomology and Zoology Studies. 6(1): 1738-1740.

Shrivastava, P and R. Kumar. 2015. Soil salinity: a serious environmental issue and plant growth promoting bacteria as one of the tools for its alleviation. Saudi Journal of Biological Sciences. 22(2): 123-131.

Suyanti K. 2013. Interrelation between products and businessmen in development of horticulture agribusiness in Aceh Province (written in Indonesian language). Jurnal Manajemen dan Agribisnis 10(2): 117-127.

Syukur M., S. Sriani., Y. Rahmi. 2012. Teknik Pemuliaan Tanaman. Penebar Swadaya, Jakarta.

Zahara, M., Hasanah, M., & Zalianda, R. (2018). Identification of Zingiberaceae as medicinal plants in Gunung Cut Village, Aceh Barat Daya, Indonesia. Journal of Tropical Horticulture, 1(1), 24-28.


Article Metrics

 Abstract Views : 882 times
 PDF Downloaded : 382 times


  • There are currently no refbacks.